Archive Record

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Catalog Number 2005:06:MC11
Collection Lake Erie and Ohio River Ship Canal Collection
Object Name Map
Scope & Content ITEM:small piece of a map of New Castle and Mahoningtown

SERIES: Miscellaneous
SERIES DESCRIPTION: Miscellaneous items.

The Lake Erie and Ohio River Ship Canal Association, formed by Henry Clay Frick and other civic leaders from the Pittsburgh Industrial District, was created in the 1890s. The Association was established to engineer and build a 105-mile canal that would connect the Great Lakes in Ashtabula, OH to Pittsburgh, PA. This creation of a complex and vast inland waterway would serve to move raw materials from the Mesabi Iron Range to the industrial mills and complexes of Pittsburgh. In return, coal, coke, steel, and products could be shipped to the Great Lakes region and beyond via the St. Lawrence Seaway for further consumption, increasing economic trade on a regional, national and international basis.

Though the building phase never occurred, significant parts of the planning and engineering process have survived and are included as part of the new collection. These resources consist of scores of maps, surveyors' logs, expenditure reports, and hydrological studies.