Archive Record

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Catalog Number 1998:13-ES93-SD
Collection Ethnographic Study - Squirrel Hill/Greenfield
Object Name Ethnographic Study
Title Ethnographic Study of Squirrel Hill and Greenfield
The materials in this study cover the year of 1993. There are other materials that date earlier, but they are not original to the study, but rather are ancillary materials. The collection is arranged into eight series: Reports, Visual Images, Recorded Subjects, Non-recorded subjects, Field Notes, Squirrel Hill and Greenfield, Squirrel Hill, and Miscellaneous.
Reports, documents, audio tapes, slides, and photographic contact sheets and negatives comprise the bulk of the collection.

The audio tapes are stored separately from the rest of the collection in Audio Tape Cabinet #1.
Each of the recorded and non-recorded subject files contain the following: Release Form, Biographical Data Form, Recording Log and Transcript, unless otherwise noted.

ES93-SD19 C and 20 C do not have Release Forms or Biographical Forms.
ES93 - SD3 C does not have Release Form

ES - Oakland, Hazelwood, Hill District
Physical characteristics
Admin/Biographical History HISTORY

Ethnographic Survey commissioned by the Steel Industry Heritage Corporation - 1993. In 1992, 1993, and 1997, the Steel Industry Heritage Corporation commissioned a series of ethnographic surveys of the areas within the Steel Heritage region. The region encompasses a 7 county area: Armstrong, Allegheny, Beaver, Fayette, Greene, Washington and Westmoreland Counties.
The goal of the surveys was to gather information about the cultural life of the Steel Heritage region, in order to develop a cultural context and inventory of resources for cultural conservation planning in the region. Information fell into the following categorizes: 1) Ethnic/Racial 2) Occupational 3) Religious 4) Family/Community 5) Environmental/Geographical.

1) Social Structure
A) Current patterns of settlement and movement among social/cultural groups
B) Current location and viability of social/cultural organizations (ethnic, work-related, religious, leisure, age-related, gender-related)
C) Community gathering-places (formal and informal)

2) Expressive Culture
A) Living traditional skills, activities, events
B) Practitioners of these traditions
C) Places/contexts in which these traditions are practiced

3) Attitudes and Values, Issues and Concerns
A) Ethnic/racial
- interaction among groups (formal/informal), new immigrants, changes in sense of identity (generational, geographical, other factors)
B) Occupational Issues
- job security, income level, retraining, unions, plant closings/mechanization, work ethic, pride in skills/abilities
C) Religious
- church closings and mergers, aging congregations, fewer ethnic-language services, interaction among religious/denominations
D) Family/community
- "no future for our children here," change in sense of community, effects of suburbanization, gender roles/expectations, problems of aging, causes/effects of population loss/gain
E) Environmental
- land ownership/use, need for development or for protection from development, reclamation of industrial land, water/air pollution, transportation access
Dates of Creation 1993